News Display: St Petersburg Is Founded, Friday, 5/27Need to keep current, look to the past, teach a topic? The Everett Cafe features daily postings of headlines from around the world, as well as wide-ranging educational news displays.
Did you know that Tsar Peter I, also known as Peter the Great, founded the city of St Petersburg on May 27, 1703 after winning access to the Baltic Sea in the Great Northern War? That Russia became a major European power with the emergence of this great new city, which was capital of the Russian empire for over 200 years?
News will feature stories about the history and development of St Petersburg, the northernmost city in the world with population over one million, and whose historic center and historic monuments, including the Hermitage, Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood, and Peter and Paul Fortress, constitutes a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
We highlight news concerning John Steinbeck's Pulitzer Prize for The Grapes of Wrath. American author John Steinbeck received this prize on May 6, 1940 for his realist novel that tells of the plight of the Joad family of Oklahoma during the Great Depression. Drought, economic hardship, and agricultural changes persuade the Joads to move to California, but, in their search for a better future, they are only to encounter the desolate road poverty.
The Grapes of Wrath also received the National Book Award. A classic text in American high school and college literature classes, Steinbeck's novel is of enduring historical context and legacy, and news will trace its widespread influence in the curriculum.
May 13, 1907 is the birthdate of British writer Daphne du Maurier, notable author of romantic suspense novels. Published to great acclaim in 1938, Rebecca tells of the tale of a young bride and her trying life at Manderley, a mansion on the coast of Cornwall which served as a constant reminder of her husband's, mysteriously deceased first wife. Like The Birds, a popular short story, Rebecca was made into an award winning film by the masterful British director, Alfred Hitchcock and its setting influenced the Punchdrunk's immersive theater production of Sleep No More, including the Manderley Bar in the McKittrick Hotel.
Du Maurier became Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1969, and she continued to write until her death in 1989.
On May 20, 1862 Congress passed the Homestead Act, which allowed adults over the age of 21 to claim 160 acres of public land. If after five years of cultivation and improvement, farmers could own the land for just the cost of a ten dollar filing fee. While this act supported pioneers and encouraged settlement of the West, the pacific Railway Act of 1962, encouraged transportation -- promoting agricultural and mechanical learning and paving the way for land grant institutions of higher learning.
News will focus on the influence of the Homestead Act and tie in the power of states that were given a grant of land on which to fund colleges and universities, whether by sale, endowment, or proceeds from farming or production.
Be sure to check out Teaching With Documents: The Homestead Act of 1862, including tools and lesson plans via the National Archives.