News Display: William Shakespeare Marries Anne Hathaway, Monday, 11/28Need to keep current, look to the past, teach a topic? The Everett Cafe features daily postings of news from around the world, and also promotes awareness of historical events from an educational context. Be sure to check the news postings on Learning at the Library, where you can delve into history.
On November 28, 1585 William Shakespeare, at the age of 18 years, married Anne Hathaway, who was 26, as proven by a bond costing 40 pounds for their marriage license in Stratford-upon-Avon. Anne gave birth to their daughter, Susanna, just six months later and, in another two years, to twins Hamlet, who died at the age of 11, and Judith. Little, however, is known about Will and Anne's relationship. While Shakespeare wrote extensively and performed in London, Anne remained in their house in Henley Street, and then in New Place (also in Stratford) -- outliving her husband who left her his "second-best bed with the furniture". Anne Hathaway is just one of the mysteries surrounding The Bard, for whom there is some documentation (court and church records, marriage certificate), but very little personal history.
Did you know that German scientist Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovered x-rays on November 8, 1865? In testing to see whether cathode rays could pass through glass, Roentgen observed a glow emanating from a nearby chemically coated screen and went on to test how electromagnetic waves could allow doctors to view the inside of humans. In 1901, he earned a Nobel prize in physics, and his work lay the foundation for significant medical advances in the use of x-rays.
Based on the sensational best seller, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, by J.K. Rowling (1998), and directed by the American filmmaker Chris Columbus, the first Harry Potter movie opened with fanfare on November 16, 2001. It starred Daniel Radcliffe as Harry, and a line up of fine actors -- Ralph Fiennes, Maggie Smith, Alan Rickman, Emma Thompson, Richard Harris and Gary Oldman, among them. The film was so successful, that others were adapted from the popular book series. All you Potter fans, enjoy this timely selection of news articles.
Playing with a stylus on a tinfoil cylinder in his Menlo Park, New Jersey science lab, Thomas Edison discovered that a short recorded song could be played back. So Edison invented the phonograph on November 21, 1877! It was his first great invention and one that would prove highly popular for listening to music. The great inventor perfected his invention and established his own company, the National Phonograph Company, complete with record labels.
If you are interested in reading more, be sure to check out the Library of Congress website Inventing Entertainment: The Early Motion Pictures and Sound Recordings of the Edison Companies.
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