News Display: Gulf War Ground Offensive Begins, Friday, 2/24Need to keep current, look to the past, teach a topic? The Everett Cafe features daily postings of news from around the world, and also promotes awareness of historical events from an educational context. Be sure to check the news postings on Learning at the Library, where you can delve into history.
On February 24, 1991, the United States launched a major offensive against Iraq and Kuwait, stemming from Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, a tiny country rich in oil. in August 1990. After four days, Kuwait was freed and President George Bush declared a cease fire. Approximately 10,000 of Iraq's troops were held prisoner and the U.S. Air Force has been established deep within Iraq. The Gulf was code-named Operation Desert Shield and then Operation Desert Storm, and many nations joined the coalition, which proved the largest military alliance since World War II.
Gobbler’s Knob in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania is the setting for the first Ground Hog Day Celebration. On February 2, 1887, Phil, the groundhog, amidst much merrymaking, was reported to have seen his shadow, prompting the forecast for a "long winter". In 2016, many generations of Phil, later, it is for "early spring." What will 2017 hold?
Legend has it that, if a groundhog comes out of its hole and sees its shadow on February 2, there will be six more weeks of winter. If there is no shadow, then we will have an early Spring. But, do you know about the history of the celebration, whose roots date back to early Christian times, with the distribution and use of candles determining the length of winter? That hedgehogs were later used as a means for the Germans to predict the season? Hedgehogs are akin to groundhogs, otherwise known as woodchucks or whistle pigs (same family as squirrels).
Enjoy the curated display of articles that illuminated the history of Groundhog Day and be on the lookout in your neighborhood for those signs of an early Spring or a long winter...
Although the clocks may not switch over until Sunday, March 12th, Daylight Savings Time has an anniversary on February 9th. In 1942, it was instituted by President Roosevelt as a measure to save on fuel during war time -- specifically by the whole nation for one full year -- and to be repealed almost three full years later so that individual states could standardize their own time. By 1966, Congress approved legislation that made standard time less local.
So why all the fuss? Without daylight savings time, we'd wake up to more sunshine most of the time throughout the country. If you have more sun in the morning, you will see less of it later in the day.
Valentine of Terni (176-circa 270 A.D.) was a Roman priest who suffered a three part execution (being beaten, stoned, and decapitated) for secretly marrying young people in defiance of the ban on marriage. Under the reign of Emperor Claudius II, marriage was considered a detriment to war, as it was believed to have discouraged soldiers from going off to the battlefield. Valentine was martyred on February 14th, and to this day, we recognize his life through gifts to our beloved.