News Display: U.S. Withdraws from Vietnam, Wednesday, 3/29Need to keep current, look to the past, teach a topic? The Everett Cafe features daily postings of news from around the world, and also promotes awareness of historical events from an educational context. Be sure to check the news postings on Learning at the Library, where you can delve into history.
On March 29, 1973, the last American troops left Vietnam, following an eight-year intervention in which 58,000 Americans and two million Vietnamese died in a war against the communist North Vietnamese. Widely considered one of the longest (over 19 years) and least popular wars in American history, the Vietnam War began with the struggle of the French colonial forces against the native Vietnamese who were supported by Chinese communists. When the French left, the U.S. came in with active ground troops, but efforts proved unsuccessful by South Vietnam to reclaim the North.
With an executive order issued on March 1, 1961 by President John F. Kennedy, the Peace Corps was established as a volunteer program aimed at assisting people outside the United States. Service includes work in governments, schools, non-profit organizations, non-government organizations, and entrepreneurs in education, business, information technology, agriculture, and the environment. The mission includes helping: 1) the people of interested countries in meeting their need for trained men and women; 2) promote a better understanding of Americans on the part of the peoples served and 3) promote a better understanding of other peoples on the part of Americans.
Did you know that Teachers College, Columbia University offers teacher certification program that supports Returned Peace Corps Volunteers (RPCVs) as they become outstanding New York City public school teachers in high need schools while earning a master’s degree?
See this news display about the history of the Peace Corps and related programs!
The "Mother of American Modernism", Georgia O'Keeffe died on March 6, 1986 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She was known for her body innovative art, which included paintings of flowers, city and landscapes, and images of bones in the desert. For a short period of time O'Keeffe attended Teachers College, where she studied under Arthur Welsey Dow, American painter, printmaker, photographer and influential arts educator.
News will feature interesting stories about Georgia O'Keeffe, her life and work.
March 13, 1791 marks the discovery of the planet Uranus by the German-born English astronomer William Hershel. Uranus is the third largest planet, comprised of hydrogen, helium, and methane and the seventh planet from the sun -- a huge gas giant surrounded by moons which orbits the sun just once every eight-four Earth years. Hershel called the new planet "Georgian Star" in honor of King George III and was later knighted for his amazing discovery and went on to make telescopes.
The Black Death or Bubonic Plague dates back to March 20, 1345 when, according to scholars at the University of Paris, there was "a triple conjunction of Saturn, Jupiter and Mars in the 40th degree of Aquarius." This deadly disease left 50 million people dead from a bacterium transmitted by the fleas of rats. Flu-like symptoms, severe swelling of the lymph nodes (neck and jaw), and bruising were symptoms that appeared abruptly. The Black Death spread across countries in Europe and Asia and it resurfaced to a lesser extent again in the 1700s. Desperate cures included vinegar and water treatment, lancing the buboes, bleeding, diet, sanitation, homemade medicines, even witchcraft. Today, the disease is still present in the world, including Madagascar, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Peru, and some cases in the United States. Antibiotics, oxygen, intravenous fluids, and respiratory support are generally given within 24 hours of diagnosis.
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