News Display: U.S. Senate Approves U.N. Charter, Friday, 7/28Need to keep current, look to the past, teach a topic? The Everett Cafe features daily postings of news from around the world, and also promotes awareness of historical events from an educational context. Be sure to check the news postings on Learning at the Library, where you can delve into history.
July 28, 1945 marks the day when the U.S. Senate approved the charter that established the United Nations, a global organization whose name was coined in 1944 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt when 26 nations pledged to continue fighting against the Axis Powers led by Nazi Germany. While the official charter was signed on June 26, 1945, it passed through the United States Senate for review.
Today the United Nations consists of 193 member states and its mission and work are guided by the principles and purposes outlined in the founding charter that came into force on October 24, 1945.
On July 5, 1865 the Salvation Army, first known as the Christian Mission, was founded by William Booth, a revivalist preacher, and his wife Catherine in the East End of London. The organization aimed to assist the destitute, providing everything from soup kitchens and lodging, to spiritual guidance. It spread throughout the world, including the 1878 establishment of the first United States branch in Pennsylvania. Today the Salvation Army is recognized as a major international charity, with programs and schools in more than 75 countries and funding through many voluntary contributions and sales of donated clothing, furniture, and other materials.
Vice President Aaron Burr fatally shot Alexander Hamilton, a Federalist and leader of American political economy, on July 11, 1804. Born in the Caribbean, Hamilton emigrated to the United States and joined the Continental Army, where was recognized by General George Washington who took him on as an aid. In the course of his career, Hamilton and Burr became political rivals, leading to the deadly "affair of honor" at the dueling grounds near Weehawken, New Jersey -- the location where Hamilton's son died defending the honor of his father.
Did you know that Barack Obama, son of a black African father and white American mother, originally published Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance on July 18, 1995? A memoir that became a number one bestseller when it was reissued in 2004, this book opens in New York when Obama learns that his estranged father has been killed in a car accident and it tells the story of the events, experiences, and forces that shaped his life, including his decision to enter law school.