News Display: Integration at Central High, Monday, 9/25Need to keep current, look to the past, teach a topic? The Everett Cafe features daily postings of news from around the world, and also promotes awareness of historical events from an educational context. Be sure to check the news postings on Learning at the Library, where you can delve into history.
On September 25, 1957, nine black students under escort by the U.S. Army entered Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. It was but three weeks earlier that then Governor Orval Faubus commanded the National Guard to prevent federal court-ordered racial integration in the schools-- only to have been overruled by Dwight Eisenhower who federalized the Arkansas National Guard to enforce the court order. It was not until 1972 that public schools in Little Rock became more fully integrated.
Our news display will feature stories of the dramatic events in Little Rock, while highlighting the case of Brown versus Board of Education of Topeka (May 1954) which ruled that racial segregation in educational facilities was unconstitutional.
September 8th marks International Literacy Day, an initiative launched by UNESCO to emphasize the importance of literacy to individuals, communities and societies, given large scale illiteracy and drop out rates across the globe. It was first celebrated in 1966, following recommendations made on November 7, 1965.
This year's theme is "Literacy in a Digital World" -- which looks at the literacy skills needed to navigate increasingly digitally-mediated societies, as well as effective literacy policies and programs that leverage the opportunities provided by our digital world.
News will feature stories about the history and development of International Literacy Day, and also draw attention to articles that address digital literacy and its divide.
On September 12, 1974, violence erupted in Boston over racial busing. Angry white protestors hurled eggs, bricks, bottles, and other objects at buses carrying Afro-American children to recently de-segregated schools, following a court ruling in Morgan v. Hennigan, a class action lawsuit against the Boston School Committee on behalf of fourteen black parents and forty-four children. Although the National Guard intervened in October, unrest continued for many months -- forcing many parents to keep their kids safe at home.
Articles will inform this chapter in the civil rights movement and shed light on its impact on education.
Co-founded by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr on the west side of Chicago, Hull House was a settlement house that opened its doors to European immigrants on September 18, 1889. Formerly an abandoned residence at 800 South Halsted Street that had been built by Charles G. Hull in 1856, it was one of the first social settlements in America that aimed to help needy immigrants. It offered a kindergarten, nursery, and daycare center, and, as services prospered, expanded to twelve buildings, playground, and a large camp in Wisconsin -- attracting visitors from all over the world.
Jane Addams was an American social reformer and pacifist, and co-winner (with Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia University) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1931. She was the first American woman to receive a Nobel Peace Prize.
The Hull House Association Records are held at the University of Illinois at Chicago, Special Collections and University Archives, while those of other settlement houses, including Grosvenor NeighborHood House, East Side, Hudson Guild, Christodora House, and more, are accessible via the Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Libraries.