News Display: Happy Birthday, John Dewey!, Friday, 10/20Need to keep current, look to the past, teach a topic? The Everett Cafe features daily postings of news from around the world, and also promotes awareness of historical events from an educational context. Be sure to check the news postings on Learning at the Library, where you can delve into history.
The son of Archibald Sprague Dewey and Lucina Artemisia Rich Dewey and the second of four boys, John Dewey was born on October 20, 1859 in Burlington, Vermont. Dewey came from a modest family, but went on to become one of the most influential of philosophers, psychologists, and educational reformers of all time. His profound belief in democracy, advocacy for pragmatism, and celebrated work in progressive education earned him international respect. In 1904 Dewey left the University of Chicago to come to Teachers College, Columbia University, where he was appointed a seat on the faculty and spent years writing Experience and Nature.
Annie Edison Taylor, a Bay City, Michigan schoolteacher, became the first person to plunge down Niagara Falls in a barrel. Seeking both fame and fortune, New York born Annie took the ride on her 61st birthday, October 24, 1901, in a five-by-three wooden, but well- cushioned pickel barrel. After a rough twenty-minute ride, she reached the shore, by and large unharmed, to be met by a flurry of photographers. Speaking engagements ensued, as well as a number of daring stuntmen who attempted the Falls -- illegally over the next century.
An American laboratory scientist and educator in the fields of nutrition and dietetics, Mary Swartz Rose was born October 31, 1874 in Newark, Ohio. Swartz Rose received a B.S. in Household Arts from Teachers College, Columbia University and went on to Yale University, where she received her PhD, before returning to her alma mater to create the nation's first nutrition program. Like John Dewey, she was a prolific author.
For archival holdings, be sure to check the Mary Swartz Rose Collection in Pocketknowledge.
On October 4, 1957, the world's first artificial satellite was launched from Tyuratam in the Kazakh Republic. Weighing a mere 84 pounds, the Russian Sputnik heralded in the Space Age, if not the "space race", as it circled Earth once very hour and thirty-six minutes to transmit back radio signals. Orbiting at a speed of 18,000 miles per hour, the Russian satellite set the stage for space exploration and discovery and decades of advancement in science and technology.
Composed by Baptist minister and Christian socialist Francis Bellamy, the Pledge of Allegiance to the American flag and the United States of America was first used on Columbus Day, October 12, 1892, in public schools as a way to express national solidarity and patriotism. It was designed to be quick and to the point. Congress officially recognized the Pledge on June 22, 1942, during the middle of the second World War. Despite objections to the religious undertone, "under God", it continues to be recited in schools, at baseball games, and many other places.