News Displays: Academy Awards Airs on NBC, Monday, 3/19Need to keep current, look to the past, teach a topic? The Everett Cafe features daily postings of news from around the world, and also promotes awareness of historical events from an educational context. Be sure to check the news postings on Learning at the Library, where you can delve into history.
March 19, 1953 marks the first NBC telecast of the Academy Awards from the RKO Pantages Theatre in Hollywood, California. Bob Hope starred as the master of ceremonies (and would go to serve as host for the next eighteen years), as Oscars were presented by Fredric March to numerous actors, including Gary Cooper (High Noon) and Shirley Booth (Come Back, Little Sheba). Sealed envelopes waiting to be opened with great anticipation, Oscar night has become one of Hollywood's most glamorous events boasting increased audiences, thanks to televised coverage.
Born March 27, 1876, Patty Smith Hill was an American nursery school, kindergarten teacher, and key founder of the National Association Nursery Education (NANE) which now exists as the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC). She is the sister of Mildred J. Hill, with whom she is credited as cowriting the "Happy Birthday to You" song. A leader in progressive education, Patty developed the Patty Hill blocks, large blocks with which children constructed. She was Professor of Kindergarten Education at Teachers College, Columbia University, where she also served as an administrative member of the Institute of Child Welfare Research.
On March 5, 1977, the Dial-a-President Radio Program, or Ask President Carter, went live for the first and only time on CBS, with President Jimmy Carter answering questions from his desk at the Oval Office, as anchorman Walter Cronkite moderated queries by citizens from across the nation. It is reported that nine million calls flooded the tv studio, allowing close interaction between the public and the president.
Margarethe Schurz, also known as Molly Meyer Schurz (August, 27, 1833 - March 15, 1876), is credited for opening for the first German-language kindergarten in the United States. Bringing Friedrich Froebel's ideas into practice, she incorporated games, song, and group activities when she started her own school in Watertown, Wisconsin -- a school which thrived until the onset of the first World War -- and was, a century later, added to the National Register of Historic Places. Ms. Schurz was visited in 1859 by Ms. Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, another highly influential educator who opened in 1860 the first English-language kindergarten in the United States and served to strengthen the kindergarten movement.