On September 13th, 1993 representatives from Israel and Palestine met at the White House to sign an historic agreement that signified movement towards peace through the sharing of holy land between the River Jordan and the Mediterranean Sea. Officially titled the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (DOP), the Oslo Peace Accords' document emanated from a plan between Palestine and Israel to address the conditions of a future Palestinian state. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzak Rabin, President Bill Clinton, and Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization Yasser Arafat presided over the signing.
In return for Palestinian partnership in matters of Israeli security, it was agreed to set up Palestinian self-government in five years, with attention to Jerusalem, final borders, Jewish settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and the return of Palestinian refugees. Complications over the two-state solution continued, as religious nationalists disagreed with ceding their land, and subsequent and extreme acts of violence, ensued, including the assassination of Rabin, suicide bombings, and suspected poisoning of Arafat. Despite government and grassroots efforts for peace-building over the decades, conflict continues.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- Broder, J. M., & David Lauter. (1993, Sep 11). Clinton Hails Mideast Peace Accord, Invites Predecessors to White House: Diplomacy: Amid Euphoria, Worldwide Calls Hood the Capital for Tickets to Festivities Memorializing the Historical Breakthrough. Los Angeles Times (1923-1995).
- Struck, D. (1993, Sep 14). A Day of 'History and Hope': Israel, PLO Sign Peace Agreement in Washington Gaza Palestinians Celebrate Signing of Peace Accord. The Sun (1837-).
- Greenberger, R. (1993, Sep 14). Long-Time Foes Shake Hands as PLO, Israel Sign Landmark Peace Accord. Wall Street Journal (1923-).
- Goshko, J. (1993, Sep 15). Israel Builds on Peace Accord: Progress With Morocco, Jordan Follows PLO Agreement. The Washington Post (1974-).
- Goldberg, C. (1993, Sep 22). Raucous Parliamentary Session Opens Wrangling in Israel Over Peace Accord: Mideast: Rabin Has Staked His Government on the Vote on PLO Agreement. Los Angeles Times (1923-1995).
- A Knife Pointed at Peace Accord: Violent Efforts to Undermine Israel-PLO Agreement Must Be Quashed. (1993, Oct 12). Los Angeles Times (1923-1995).
- Hoffman, D. (1993, Oct 15). The Washington Post World News: The New Palestine: A DEemocracy or Hard-Line Regime? Gaza, West Bank Arabs Wonder What Independence Will Mean. The Washington Post (1974-).
- Waldman, P. (1993, Oct 25). International: Peace Accord Between PLO, Israel Stirs Economic Worries In Jordan. Wall Street Journal (1923-),
- Andoni, L. (1993, Nov 02). Jordan Islamists Struggle to Keep Legislative Bloc: Pro-Regime Candidates Return to Tribal Base as Rift Grows Over Israeli-PLO Peace Accord. The Christian Science Monitor (1908-).
- Parks M. (1993, Nov 20). In Pact's Wake, Israel Has Host of New Friends: Nations Are Lining Up to Open Diplomatic Relations with the Jewish State After Its Historic Peace Accord With the PLO. Los Angeles Times (1923-1995).
- Gellman, B. (1994, Dec 04). Israel Weighs Changes In Peace Accord: Army Pullout From Arab Towns in Doubt. The Washington Post (1974-) .
- A History Of Conflict: A Brief Look At the Relationships Between Israel, Hamas and the Palestine Liberation Organization. (2009, Jan 24). Wall Street Journal (1923-).
- Alpher, Joseph. No End of Conflict: Rethinking Israel-Palestine. Lanham Boulder: Rowman & Littlefield, 2016. e-book
- Berry, Mike, and Greg. Philo. Israel and Palestine Competing Histories. Expanded ed. London : Pluto, 2006. e-book
- Grinberg, Lev Luis. Mo(ve)ments of Resistance: Politics, Economy and Society in Israel/Palestine, 1931-2013. Boston, MA: Academic Studies Press, 2013. e-book
- Kuriansky, Judith. Beyond Bullets and Bombs: Grassroots Peacebuilding Between Israelis and Palestinians. Praeger, 2007. e-book
- Morris, Benny. One State, Two States: Resolving the Israel/Palestine Conflict. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009. e-book
- Spangler, Eve. Understanding Israel/Palestine: Race, Nation, and Human Rights in the Conflict (Second Edition). Boston: BRILL, 2019. e-book
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