News Display: World War I Begins, Monday, 6/28

Monday, 6/28

The Everett Cafe features thematic news displays on a wide range of educational topics, in addition to daily postings of headlines from around the world. News posters are becoming a popular teaching aid; you may ask the library staff for any you'd like to keep, or -- first come, first serve -- just help yourself to the poster collection near the first floor services desk and enhance your classroom today!
  • World War I Begins, Monday, 6/28
  • The assassination in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, by Gavrilo Princip, a Yugoslav nationalist, triggered one of the deadliest conflicts in human history: 15 million people died over a four year period. Germany invaded Belgium, Luxembourg, and France; Austria and Hungary invaded Serbia; Russia attacked Prussia; and more countries became involved, forming the Allies and Central Powers of World War I. By the end of the Great War, the Germans and Russians were defeated; the Austrian-Hungarian and Ottomon Empires had collapsed; Central Europe was re-mapped; and the League of Nations was formed to help prevent a future re-occurrence. In recognition of the anniversary of the spark that triggered unprecedented global military conflict, stories from the time will be displayed, detailing the origin, battles, timeline, and outcome of the first World War.
  • First Radio Patented, Wednesday, 6/2
  • Guglielmo Marconi, of Italian descent, earned a British patent for his system of wireless telegraphy, arguably the first radio, on June 4, 1896. He demonstrated use of technology for wireless communication, particularly important for ships in distress. Marconi established transatlantic radio service and built short wave radio stations in the United Kingdom, receiving a Nobel Prize for his contributions in 1910. Disputes existed, however, as to who actually founded the radio. Some believed that Nikola Tesla, an inventor and engineer from Croatia, deserved the credit. Tesla was first first to patent a means to reliably produce radio frequency waves. The Gottesman Libraries will post stories about the birth and growth of the radio, including the controversy over the claim to invention.
  • World Oceans Day, Tuesday, 6/8
  • On June 8, 2009 the United Nations officially declared World Oceans Day, recognizing that, "the oceans are essential to food security and the health and survival of all life, power our climate and are a critical part of the biosphere." News stories will highlight global awareness of the current challenges faced by the international community in connection with the oceans. Be sure to check out The Ocean Project for additional resources and information.
  • First Official Baseball Game, Friday, 6/18
  • The earliest recorded game of baseball, believed to have grown out of the English game "rounders," dates back to June 19, 1846 in the Elysian Fields of Hoboken, New Jersey: the New York Nines versus the Knickerbockers. Reputably an invention of Alexander Cartwright,the game grew in popularity over the years -- so much so, that in 1857, amateur teams joined together and began discussing rules and regulations at a baseball convention. Teams grew, as did expenses; charging admission was a way to support teams and their trips to play other teams in the then National Association of Base Ball Players, the first organized league. Coinciding with the early 2010 Major League Baseball season, we will feature stories about the beginnings of our national sport and pastime. More detailed information can be found in The Baseball Almanac; the Baseball Hall of Fame (Cooperstown, New York); and Baseball History.
  • Congress Recognizes the Pledge of Allegiance, Tuesday, 6/22
  • As we gear up for the celebration of our nation's independence from the Crown of England, we consider the Pledge of Allegiance. It was originally composed in 1892 by Frances Bellamy, an American Baptist minister and Christian socialist. It was much shorter than the one we know today, an official fifth version that incorporated in 1954 the words [one nation]"under God." The Pledge was first used in public schools on October 12, 1892, on Columbus Day as a way to express national solidarity and patriotism. Congress officially recognized the Pledge on June 22, 1942, during the middle of the second World War. It continues to be recited in schools, at baseball games, and many other places.

Last Updated: 6:02 am, Tuesday, May 11 , 2010