News Display: Warren Commission Report, Monday, 9/27

Monday, 9/27

The Everett Cafe features thematic news displays on a wide range of educational topics, in addition to daily postings of headlines from around the world. News posters are becoming a popular teaching aid; you may ask the library staff for any you'd like to keep, or -- first come, first serve -- just help yourself to the poster collection near the first floor services desk and enhance your classroom today!
  • Warren Commission Report, Monday, 9/27
  • On September 27, 1964 the Warren Commission, comprised of a team of U.S. senators, citizens, and a Chief Justice, produced a report on circumstances surrounding the assassination of President John F. Kennedy who was shot on November 22, 1963. The Commission was appointed by Kennedy’s successor Linden B. Johnson, whose administration made the results of their report public; it was reported that the bullets that had killed President Kennedy were fired by Lee Harvey Oswald from a rifle pointed out a sixth-floor window of the Texas School Book Depository. In addition the Commission reported that it had found no evidence that either Oswald or Jack Ruby, who was charged with Oswald's murder, was in any way conspiratorial. The findings were questioned in ensuing years, as measures were taken to enhance the security of government officials -- making assassination of a president or vice president a federal offense. The Report of the President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy is available through the National Archives.
  • First ATM Opens, Thursday, 9/2
  • On September 2, 1969 the automated teller machine made its debut appearance by dispensing cash at Chemical Bank in Rockville Center, New York. The design is credited to Don Wetzel, an executive at Docutel, a company based in Dallas that developed automated baggage-handling equipment. By 1971, ATM’s began handling multiple transactions – among them account balances, check deposits, and money transfers – slowly revolutionizing the banking industry by eliminating a person’s the need to visit a bank for help by a human teller within normal working business hours. Today ATM’s exist outside the confines of banks – in grocery stores, pharmacies, and many other places. In the 1990s banks began charging customers to use ATM’s, as crime rose, requiring banks to install security cameras, mirrors, and locked entries for persons wishing to use the service. The Gottesman Libraries will display headlines about the history and development of the ATM, now considered indispensable to most people.
  • Lascaux Cave Paintings Are Discovered, Friday, 9/10
  • On September 12, 1940 a series of prehistoric cave paintings were discovered near Montignac, in Dordogne, France, by Marcel Ravidat, Jacques Marsal, Georges Agnel, and Simon Coencas, a group of teenagers in pursuit of Robot, their dog who ran into the narrow entrance of deep cavern. To their amazement they had stumbled upon approximately 600 images and nearly 1,500 engravings depicting numerous animals – some mythical-- including one bird-like, human form. Archaeologists determined the artwork to be approximately 16,000-17,000 years old, and the grotto was opened to the public in 1948. It remained open for fifteen years until it began to show signs of damage and deterioration from the artificial lights and air conditioning system that were placed within. Newspaper stories document this important discovery, helping us appreciate the significance of Upper Paleolithic art in understanding human development, as well as its place as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • Battle of Antietam, Friday, 9/17
  • September 16, 1872 marks the day when the armies of Generals Robert E. Lee and George McClellan met at Antietam Creek in Maryland, fighting the first battle on northern soil. Lasting two days, the Battle of Antietam is considered the bloodiest one in American history, with a total of over 22,000 casualties. McClellan did not gain victory over Lee’s army, but he stopped the Confederates from advancing further north, as Lee withdrew across the Potomac River and the Union declared a draw. The battle paved the way for Abraham Lincoln to declare preliminary justification for the Emancipation Proclamation and end the Civil War. Newspapers from the day document the amazing details and impact of the Battle of Antietam, a cornerstone in American military history. For more information see The Battle of Antietam on the Web.
  • Lewis and Clark Return, Thursday, 9/23
  • American explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark conducted the first overland journey from the Mississippi River to the Pacific coast and back, aiming to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase -- land previously owned by the French. President Thomas Jefferson commissioned his private secretary, Lewis, and his army captain, Clark on this expedition to learn more about the Northwest. The team that featured 28 men and one Native American woman, Sacagawea, left St. Louis on May 14, 1804 and returned on September 23, 1806. They brought back a wealth of information about their journey, the land, and the Native Americans, among them the Shoshone Indians. The news display will feature educational articles about the discoveries made on Lewis and Clark’s expedition. For an interactive online journey, be sure to visit the National Geographic site for Lewis and Clark, which includes a journey log, expedition records, large-format film, and a forum for sharing one's experiences of their trail.

Last Updated: 12:02 pm, Wednesday, Aug 11 , 2010