News Display: NYC Subway Opens, Wednesday, 10/27

Wednesday, 10/27

The Everett Cafe features thematic news displays on a wide range of educational topics, in addition to daily postings of headlines from around the world. News posters are becoming a popular teaching aid; you may ask the library staff for any you'd like to keep, or -- first come, first serve -- just help yourself to the poster collection near the first floor services desk and enhance your classroom today!
  • NYC Subway Opens, Wednesday, 10/27
  • On October 27, 1904, the first IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit) subway line opened, close to thirty-five years after the opening of the first elevated line in New York City. The street was torn up to dig the tunnel below, and then rebuilt above -- much like the current project to build the Second Avenue Subway line. The IRT was privately owned and the line ran between City Hall and 145th Street at Broadway (today the “A” Division for lines 1 through 7). It proved a good solution to street congestion, as it aided development of outlying areas. Until 1948 the cost of a ride was five cents. Tokens were issued in 1953, and Metro cards were introduced in 1994. Come see stories that explain the history of the NYC subway, one of the world’s largest underground mass transportation systems. For more extensive information see NYC Subway which features historical and technical information about the New York City subway system, including images, maps, and museum collections. IRT: The First Subway has a souvenir program, articles, reports, papers, and much more information.
  • The Great Chicago Fire, Friday, 10/8
  • Remembered as one of the worst United States calamities of the 19th century, the Great Chicago Fire began around 9pm on October 8, 1871. It left 300 people dead and 100,000 homeless and caused $200 million in property damage. Blazing for two days, it leveled the business district and spread over four miles. Wooden houses, commercial and industrial estates, and private mansions were all consumed, as the fire department desperately tried to rescue people and control the flames. Although the exact cause and origin of the fire is still unknown to this day, Bessie, the cow, was blamed for kicking over the lantern in Patrick and Catherine O’Leary’s barn. Chicago was determined to fight ruin and rebuild itself; rebuild it did, and the city quickly regained her place as the "Queen of the Midwest." The population, like commercial activity soared, bringing economic prosperity to the land. Through historical newspapers, we appreciate the effect of the disaster and how it led to remarkable urban re-development, including the rebuilding of schools and libraries. For additional information be sure to see The Great Chicago Fire: The Web of Memory, provided by the Chicago Historical Society and Northwestern University; the site contains essays, photo galleries, and library resource collections for each subsection.
  • Columbus Lands in the Bahamas, Tuesday, 10/12
  • Columbus Day is observed this year on Monday, October 11, and in recognition we post headlines relating to his landing on the Bahamian island of Guanahani in 1492. Having set off ten weeks earlier from Palos, Spain, ninety crew members from Christopher Columbus' three-ship fleet landed onto the island -- charting a course for the discovery of the New World, specifically the Americas. Columbus Day became a federal holiday in 1934 and is celebrated on the second Monday in October. Join us as we highlight stories about Christopher Columbus and his travels, and ponder his place, often debated, in the social studies curriculum.
  • Alaska Day, Monday, 10/18
  • Considered an economic liability by the Russians, Alaska was purchased for two cents an acre, or $7.2 million by the United States in 1867. The beautiful, open land covering 586,412 square miles at the top of the North American continent was formally transferred on October 18th, with the raising of the United States flag at Sitka. Alaska Day, a time to honor the transfer, is remembered on October 18th while Seward's Day, March 30, commemorates the signing of the treaty by which the United States bought Alaska from Russia. Further information about the historical documents relating the purchase of Alaska, including the canceled check and treaty can be found at Our Documents.

Last Updated: 5:24 am, Wednesday, Sep 22 , 2010